Zinc Battery Materials
Markets & Applications
https://ilwebystuf.info/746-kalamata-kupit-skorost-alpha-pvp-kristall-krisi-sk.html PRIMARY INDUSTRIAL BATTERIES
(Zn-Air) -> agriculture, rail, road
Air atomization (“blown zinc”) : Shanghai
Centrifugal atomization (spinning disk or “spin zinc”) : Overpelt
All Hg-, Pb-, Cd- free
High purity (SSHG or “Battery grade”) zinc alloyed with Bi and/or In and/or Al
Low Gasing (long life), high energy, tailored to battery demand profile
Applicable in primary and rechargeable batteries
Indirect (French) process : Eijsden
High purity (SHG) “Pharma” grades
Tailored specific surface, high dispersibility
Applicable in primary (as additive) and rechargeable (as negative anode material) batteries
The Future of Batteries
The market for electric energy storage is booming
Electric vehicles sales world-wide are expected to grow from 2.5mio in 2015 to 7.5mio by 2025. Stationary applications (off-grid communities, microgrid residences, data centers, telecom) should grow to a 30bio USD, 20GWh business by 2025.
Lithium Ion will meet its limits
Not only lithium, but also nickel and especially cobalt will become a scarce and sometimes controversial (not sustainable) resource with issues of recycling and mounting material cost.
The zinc technologies are “charging” ahead
The applications are coming, from bikes and scooters (2kWh) to buses (200kWh) to stationary (MWh). Zinc-nickel might be preferred in power applications (UPS); zinc-air in load management for off-grid integrated with solar; zinc-manganese perhaps also (and scooters).